Do you have a green thumb? Or are you interested in vegetable gardening but don't know how to start a garden from scratch? Starting a garden can be a fun and rewarding experience, but it does take some work.
Whether you're an experienced gardener or a complete novice, this guide will show you how to start a garden from scratch.
From picking the right location to choosing the best garden plants for your needs, here's everything you need to know about starting a garden.
How to make a backyard garden bed?
Wondering how to start a garden from scratch? You can easily make a backyard garden by planting fruit trees, vegetables, and homegrown herbs in your spare time.
It's a great way to relax and enjoy the outdoors. Plus, you'll reap the benefits of fresh produce and annual flowers.
To get started, you can follow this step by step guide:
Decide what you want to grow
As a new gardener, you have to decide whether you want to grow your own food or a particular plant.
Once you know what you want to grow, research which flowering plants will do best in your area. You can check with your local nursery or extension office for help.
Be sure to choose young plants that are appropriate for your space. You can plant in a raised bed, in containers, or directly in the ground.
Choose a place to start your new garden
Pick a spot in your yard that gets at least six hours of full sun. If you don't have a lot of space in your backyard, container gardening is the best.
You can grow the many plants in containers on your deck or patio. So, select a place where it's easy to water your plants.
Make sure the spot you choose has good drainage. If the area gets too much rain, the roots of your plants can rot.
Plan your garden beds
Once you've selected a spot, it's time to start planning your garden bed. If you're growing tall plants in the ground, you'll need to decide how wide and long you want your beds to be.
You can make raised beds out of wood chips, stone, or brick to give extra drainage and protection from pests to your garden.
Try to plant your vegetable garden in an area at least four feet wide. This will give you enough room to walk around and tend to your plants without trampling them. You can plant in a grid pattern or in rows, whichever you prefer.
Buy some gardening tools
You'll need a few basic gardening tools to start a garden. A hoe, rake, and shovel will come in handy for preparing your garden beds. You'll also need a watering can or hose to water your garden.
Test your soil
Before you start planting, it's a good idea to test your soil. This will give you an idea of what nutrients your the soil of your garden lacks.
You can get a soil test kit at your local garden center. The more organic matter your soil has, the better it will be for your garden.
Soil's pH level can affect how well your plants grow. Different plants have different pH requirements, so it's important to know the pH level of your soil before you start planting.
If you find that your soil is too acidic or too alkaline, you can take steps to adjust the pH level.
Build your soil
Once you've decided what to grow, it's time to start building your soil. This is one of the most critical steps in starting a garden, as healthy soil is essential for plants. You can use potting soil, clay soil, and organic soil to improve the quality.
To build your garden soil, you can add organic matter like compost, manure, or leaves. You can also use a soil mix specifically designed for a vegetable garden or raised beds.
Choose seeds or plants
Once you've prepared your garden beds, it's time to start planting. You can either grow plants from seed packets or buy seedlings from a nursery.
If you're growing plants from seeds, be sure to know planting depth. You can find this information on the seed packet.
If you're buying seedlings, be sure to choose healthy plants that are well-rooted. Avoid any plants that look wilted or have brown leaves.
Water your plants
Once you've planted your seeds or seedlings, it's essential to water them regularly. How often your plant roots need water will depend on the type you're growing, the weather, and the garden soil.
Most plants need about 1-2 inches of water per week. Be sure to check your plants regularly and water them as needed.
Harvest your plants
Once the growing season is over, and your plants have flowered, it's time to harvest them. This is the fun part, where you get to enjoy the fruits (or vegetables) of your labor!
Be sure to check your plants regularly so you can harvest them at the peak of ripeness.
Tips to start a new garden
Now that you know the basics of gardening, here are a few additional tips to help you get started:
Start with easy-to-grow plants
If you're new to gardening, it's best to start with plants that are easy to grow. Some examples include tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, and beans.
Go for raised beds
Raised beds are an excellent option for limited garden space, as they help improve drainage and prevent soil compaction.
They also make it easier to reach your plants, so you don't have to stoop down or kneel on the ground.
Don't forget the basics
In addition to plants, your vegetable garden will need water, sunlight, fresh air, and soil.
Make sure that your soil contains organic matter that gives your plants all of the essentials to grow strong and healthy.
Weed your garden regularly
Weeds can compete with your vining plants for water and nutrients, so it's important to remove them regularly. Try to weed your garden space at least once a week, or more if needed.
Use vertical gardening
If you have limited space, it is a great option. You can go for raised bed gardens or hanging baskets to make the most of your space.
Insects and other pests can be a problem in gardens. To keep them under control, you can use insecticide or traps. You can also try to attract beneficial insects like ladybugs, which eat garden pests.
An article of interest: Are Garden Spiders Poisonous?
It's best to start with a small vegetable garden or a few potted plants. Once you get the hang of it, you can continually expand your garden later.
What should I plant in my garden?
You can plant both warm-season and cool-season vegetables in your garden so that you can enjoy fresh produce all year round.
In early spring, you can plant that favor cold climates like lettuce, spinach, and kale.
As the weather gets warmer, you can plant warm-season crops like:
The best time to plant your garden will depend on the type of plants you're growing.
Usually, it is based on the first and last frost dates in your area. It's important to know your gardening zone.
You can find your hardiness zone online to help you determine the growing season for your area.
If you're planting crops that grow in colder climates, you can plant them as early as six weeks before the last frost date.
If you're planting crops that grow in warm climates, you can plant them after the last frost date.
What are some common gardening mistakes?
Beginners often make common gardening mistakes that can be easily avoided. Here are a few mistakes to watch out for:
Improper soil amendments
Adding the wrong type of soil amendments to your garden can actually harm your plants.
For example, sandy soil needs different modifications than clay soil. Be sure to do your research and add the correct amendments to your garden.
Over and under watering
Water is essential for plants, but too much or too little water can be harmful. So, check your plants regularly and water them as needed.
So, how much sun exposure does your garden need? It depends on the type of plants you're growing. Some plants need direct sunlight, while others prefer partial shade.
Now that you know the basics, you're ready to start your small garden bed. Be sure to keep these tips in mind as you get started, and soon you'll be enjoying fresh produce from your very own garden.